Income Report Card | May 2017

Author: Nathan Rowader
Date: May 8, 2017
Category: Asset Allocation, Financial Planning
Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,

Potential Opportunities
for Income

  • Emerging Market
    Corporate Bonds
  • High-Yield Municipal Bonds

Weaker Opportunities for Income

  • International
    Sovereign Bonds
  • Treasurys


Foreign Stocks Continue to Lead the Way

April once again favored foreign stocks over domestic stocks. International stocks increased by 2.61%, outperforming emerging market (EM) stocks, which increased by 2.21%. U.S. stocks managed to finish the month with a positive return of 1.03%. Global bonds increased by 1.13% during the month with foreign bonds outperforming domestic bonds driven by appreciation of foreign currencies against the U.S. dollar, particularly the euro. International and EM sovereign bonds increased by 1.79% and 1.70%, respectively, while U.S. Treasurys increased by 1.70%. Credit-sensitive sectors gained, but trailed the robust gains in global sovereign markets. U.S. high-yield corporate bonds increased by 0.81% and EM corporate bonds increased by 1.48%.

This month’s largest gainers benefitted from a surge in the euro after a poor showing from nationalist candidate Marine Le Pen in the French presidential election. Her party ran a platform promoting France’s exit from the European Union. The strong showing for moderate candidate Emmanuel Marcon and the support of other moderate and liberal parties helped ensure his victory in the runoff election. Many investors view this as a strong show of support for the European Union and an indicator that Germany’s upcoming election will support the continuation of Angela Merkel’s administration.

Overall, leading economic indicators continue to show a synchronous expansion of the global economy and emerging market countries continue to surpass expectations. The JPMorgan Global Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) increased from 53.4 to 53.8, indicating that the global economy is still in a state of expansion.


Vive la France!

Last month, we discussed the tight trading range of the 10-year Treasury, which had consistently stayed between 2.30% and 2.60% since the beginning of the year. The range did breakdown in the middle of April, which appeared to be consistent with a correction in equities. The potential for a correction was short lived following the French election, which pushed almost every stock market higher and pushed the 10-year Treasury back to the bottom of its trading range. Rates appear to be holding at 2.30% again. It should be noted that following the 3% decline in the S&P 500 Index, volatility and measures of investor sentiment never reached an extreme point. The lack of a healthy sell-off either means that a correction is still ahead or that the gains going forward will not be as robust as they might be following a correction.

With that said, investors continue to favor stocks over bonds, which appears to be prudent positioning going forward. Investors should keep their eye on rates as the movement may still be a core driver of returns. Additionally, there are several pieces of legislation that would be positive for stocks, including a tax cut and major reduction in the regulations covering financial institutions. Movement on either of these policies will likely be positive for stocks.


High Yield Falters

This month, U.S. high-yield corporate bonds dropped from an A to a B on our report card for carry. It is still one of the best options for income per unit of risk, but the downgrade could be indicating that the tightening of credit spreads is slowing or even faltering. At this point, investors might want to consider high-yield municipal bonds over high-yield corporate bonds for any new allocations as muni bonds offer more pre- and post-tax income. The possibility of a large tax cut is obviously going to impact the muni market, but the pre-tax yield in high-yield municipal bonds is more attractive than in credit sectors.

As we have indicated previously, our preferred stock market is EM, which offers the most compelling valuation on an earnings basis and has exhibited strong momentum. When those two factors line up, investors tend to get rewarded handsomely. At the end of April, emerging markets increased by 13.94% as one of the best performing segments of the market. At this point, there is no reason to change this part of our outlook.


30,000 Hours

Three computer scientists recently developed the largest ever mathematic proof; the file occupies 200 terabytes of space. The proof is based off a puzzle called the Boolean Pythagorean Theorem, which asks whether it is possible to color a positive integer either red or blue such that no three integers that satisfy the Pythagoras equation are the same color. The proof required 30,000 hours of computing time and was accomplished in two days using 800 parallel processors on the University of Texas’s Stampede supercomputer. The proof cannot be read by a human and requires another computer program to interpret.


To learn more about the methodology visit the Salient Partners Income Investing blog series Part 2. You can also follow us on Twitter at @nrowader and @NicMillikan for live updates on the Income Report Card.

Report Card: Stocks

Report Card: Bonds

Complete Income
Report Card
U.S. Treasurys Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Treasury
U.S. Investment Grade Credit Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Credit
Municipal Bonds Bloomberg Barclays Municipal Bond
High-Yield Municipal Bloomberg Barclays Muni High Yield
U.S. High-Yield Corporate Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Corp High Yield
Emerging Market Corporate CS Emerging Markets Corporate Bond
Emerging Market Sovereign Bloomberg Barclays EM Sovereign
International Sovereign Bloomberg Barclays Global Treasury ex USD
Mortgages Bloomberg Barclays U.S. MBS
Short Term Treasurys (Cash Proxy) Bloomberg Barclays US Treasury 1-3 yr
U.S. Stocks S&P 500 Index
International Stocks MSCI EAFE
Emerging Market Stocks MSCI Emerging Markets
US Real Estate Dow Jones US Real Estate
MLPs Alerian MLP Infrastructure
Preferred Stocks BofA Merrill Lynch Fixed Rate Preferred Securities
Utilities S&P 500 Utilities Sector
International Real Estate Dow Jones Global Select ex US Real Estate Securities
EM Infrastructure MSCI EM Infrastructure
Investing involves risk, including possible loss of principal. The value of any financial instruments or markets mentioned herein can fall as well as rise. Past performance does not guarantee future results.
This material is distributed for informational purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice, a recommendation of any particular security, strategy or investment product, or as an offer or solicitation with respect to the purchase or sale of any investment. Statistics, prices, estimates, forward-looking statements, and other information contained herein have been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but no guarantee is given as to their accuracy or completeness. All expressions of opinion are subject to change without notice.
Nathan J. Rowader is a registered representative of ALPS Distributors, Inc.
Alerian MLP Infrastructure Index is the leading gauge of large- and mid-cap energy master limited partnerships (MLPs). The float-adjusted, capitalization-weighted index includes some of the most prominent companies and captures approximately 75% of available market capitalization.
Bloomberg Barclays EM Sovereign Bond Index is a rules-based market-value weighted index engineered to measure the fixed-rate local currency sovereign bonds issued in emerging markets as identified by Bloomberg.
Bloomberg Barclays Global Treasury ex-USD Index is an unmanaged index composed of those securities included in the Barclays Global Aggregate Bond Index that are Treasury securities, with the U.S. excluded while hedging the currency back to the U.S. dollar.
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index represents securities that are U.S. domestic, taxable and dollar denominated. The index covers the U.S. investment-grade, fixed-rate bond market, with index components for government and corporate securities, mortgage pass-through securities and asset-backed securities.
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Corporate High-Yield Bond Index covers the USD-denominated, noninvestment-grade, fixed-rate, taxable corporate bond market. Securities are classified as high yield if the middle rating of Moody’s, Fitch and S&P is Ba1/BB+/BB+ or below.
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Credit Index is an index composed of corporate and non-corporate debt issues that are rated investment grade (Baa3/BBB) or higher.
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Mortgage Backed Securities (MBS) Index tracks the mortgage-backed pass-through securities of Ginnie Mae (GNMA), Fannie Mae (FNMA) and Freddie Mac (FHLMC).
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Municipal Bond Index covers the USD-denominated, long-term tax-exempt bond market. The index has four main sectors: state and local general obligation bonds, revenue bonds, insured bonds and pre-refunded bonds.
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Treasury Index is an unmanaged index of public obligations of the U.S. Treasury with a remaining maturity of one year or more.
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Treasury Bond 1-3 Year Term Index is an unmanaged index of public obligations of the U.S. Treasury with a maturity between one and up to (but not including) three years.
BofA Merrill Lynch U.S. Core Fixed Rate Preferred Stock Index consists of investment-grade, fixed and fixed-to-floating rate U.S. dollar-denominated preferred securities.
Brexit a term for the potential or hypothetical departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union.
Consumer price index (CPI) is an index number measuring the average price of consumer goods and services purchased by households. The percentage change in the CPI is a measure of inflation.
Credit Suisse Emerging Market Corporate Bond Index consists of U.S. dollar-denominated fixed-income issues from Latin America, Eastern Europe and Asia.
Dow Jones Global ex-U.S. Select REIT Index measures the performance of equity real estate investment trusts (REITs) and real estate operating companies (REOCs) traded globally, excluding the U.S.
Dow Jones U.S. Real Estate Index measures the performance of the real estate industry of the U.S. equity market.
MSCI EAFE (Europe, Australasia and Far East) Index is a stock market index that is designed to measure the equity market performance of developed markets outside of the U.S. and Canada.
MSCI Emerging Markets Index is a free float-adjusted market capitalization index that is designed to measure equity market performance in the global emerging markets.
MSCI Emerging Markets Infrastructure Index captures the global opportunity set of companies that are owners or operators of infrastructure assets.
MSCI World Index is a free float-adjusted market capitalization index designed to measure equity market performance in the global developed markets.
Max drawdown is the percentage of loss that an asset incurs from its peak net asset value to its lowest value.
Russell 2000 Index measures the performance of the 2,000 smallest companies in the Russell 3000 Index. The Russell 3000 Index represents approximately 98% of the investable U.S. equity market.
S&P 500 Index is an unmanaged index of 500 common stocks chosen to reflect the industries in the U.S. economy.
Sharpe ratio is a ratio developed by Nobel laureate William F. Sharpe to measure how a fund performs relative to the risk it takes.
Standard deviation measures the degree to which a fund’s return varies from its previous returns or from the average of all similar funds.
Valuation is the process of determining the value of an asset or company based on earnings and the market value of assets.
VIX (the ticker symbol for the Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility Index) is a popular measure of market risk and is constructed using the implied volatility of S&P 500 index options.
Yield is the interest or dividends received from a security and is usually expressed annually as a percentage based on the investment’s cost or on the U.S. government’s debt obligations.

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